Optimization in MQL4 is essential to ensure that algorithms run efficiently, especially in live trading environments where speed is crucial. Below are some techniques and practices that can help you optimize your MQL4 code:
Local variables are faster and use less memory than global ones. Whenever possible, prefer local variables over global ones.
Avoid placing heavy functions or operations, especially those that access historical data or perform complex calculations, inside loops. They can significantly slow down execution.
If a calculation result doesn't change, there's no need to compute it multiple times. Store the result in a variable and use it when necessary.
By using the
#property strict directive, the compiler will enforce a stricter error checking mode, helping you identify potential issues in your code early.
When working with dynamic arrays or memory allocation, ensure you're managing memory efficiently. Use
ArrayResize() judiciously and always free up memory that's no longer needed.
Indicators can be resource-intensive. If you're using custom indicators, ensure they're optimized. Also, limit the number of bars they analyze if not all bars are necessary for your strategy.
If there are operations that need to be executed quickly (like order placements), prioritize them over less time-sensitive tasks.
Before deploying your EA or indicator, test it extensively on historical data. This will not only help in verifying its efficiency but will also identify any potential bottlenecks in the code.
Optimizing your MQL4 code ensures that your trading strategies and indicators work seamlessly, especially in high-speed trading situations. Regularly review and refine your code for best performance.